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Type Conversion In Java

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Core Java Tutorial

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Type Conversion In Java : Introduction

  • Type conversion in java is the technique of converting one type (data-type) into other type.
  • Type conversion in java can be done between compatible types and incompatible types. Compatible types are those which can be implicitly converted.
  • For example : Conversion from byte to int is compatible, since int can hold a byte easily.
  • Incompatible types are those which need to be explicitly converted by casting.
  • For example : Conversion from int to byte is incompatible, since a byte is smaller than int and cannot hold it.
  • Hence there are two types of type conversion in java :
    • Implicit Type Conversion
    • Explicit Type Conversion

 

Type Conversion In Java : The Discussion

  • With type conversion being such an important topic, Let us discuss the two type conversion in java in details along with a sample program below.

1) Implicit Type Conversion

  • As discussed implicit type conversion occurs for compatible types. Implicit type conversion is done automatically, and the destination data type should be larger is size than the source data type. Hence a widening conversion takes place.
  • For example : Type Conversion from a float to a double is implicit type conversion.

 

2) Explicit Type Conversion

  • Explicit type conversion occurs for incompatible types.
  • Explicit type conversion is done forcefully by casting a larger type to smaller type. Since we are converting a large type to a smaller type, this conversion is also called narrowing conversion.
  • Syntax for explicit casting can be defined as,

(required-type) value

  • In the syntax required-type indicates the type to which the type of the value is to be converted. Value is the value of some variable.
  • For example : Converting an int to a byte is done explicitly by casting int to

       int a = 10;

      byte b = (byte) a//Casting

 

Type Conversion In Java : Example

  • Let us take an example to discuss both implicit and explicit type conversion:

 

This image describes the sample program for type conversion in java.

Type Conversion In Java : Example

 

Output

 

This image describes the output of sample program for type conversion in java.

Type Conversion In Java : Output

 

  • In the above output the value of double when casted to a float is truncated. This is because of the smaller size of float than double.
  • Similarly conversion from double to int also truncates the fractional part as int only hold integer value.